dinsdag 14 november 2017

EU arms embargo on Venezuela enables continued arms sales

On November 13, the European Union adopted an embargo to Venezuela on all arms and on related material that might be used for internal repression. It is meant to underline the EU policy: “The EU calls upon the government to urgently restore democratic legitimacy, including through free and fair elections, and on the opposition to continue engaging in a united manner towards a negotiated solution to the current tensions, in the interest of the country. The EU reiterates its full support to regional and international efforts to find a lasting solution to the crisis."

An old light tank was burnt and used as a barricade during a protest on Feb. 20, 2014. It is now painted with the Spanish word for 'Peace', Luis Robayo (bron)



The Maduro regime has lost its legitimacy because of its corruption, violence, arrogance and incompetence. The opposition against it runs by now from far left to extreme right. An arms embargo is a pressure mechanism targeting those in power and not the population. The EU states: “These measures were designed not to harm the Venezuelan population whose plight the EU wishes to alleviate.” It is indeed the Venezuelan population which has to solve the internal socio political chaos, without interference.

So far the Maduro regime is using mostly batons, small arms and light armoured vehicles for its repressive actions.

Militairy equipment

In the period 2014-2015 EU countries provided licenses for imaging equipment, light weapons and artillery, substantial aircraft exports, vehicles, tanks and armour (see table below). Not all licenses led to actual exports. But these licenses show that exports which can be used in human rights violations were considered appropriate by European countries such as Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Italy, Spain and the UK. The UK Independent pointed at the export of crowd control equipment for use by law enforcement agencies in 2016.

An overview of EU military exports to Venezuela based on the SIPRI database on arms transfers shows that Spain is by far the most important source for Venezuelan weapons. Madrid sold naval vessels valued at over one billion since 2001. For the Netherlands, the number two European supplier to the Venezuelan armed forces, reported sales are on naval fire control equipment of Thales Netherlands. Officially the Netherlands stopped arms sales to the country. However export continues, because these are after sales to earlier established exports.

Export military products 2001-2015 and 2014, 2015
Country
Total 2001-2015
Description
2014
2015
Spain
1,020,004,262
Warships
4,065,003
15,301,044
Light weapons, artillery
2,863,342

Vehicles, tanks
361,877

Armour
3,488,628

Netherlands
158,537,224
Weapon firing equipment
32,891
61,402
France
90,211,472
Miscellaneous
4,400,000
700,000
Italy
86,997,965
Miscellaneous
840,000
541,212
Belgium
31,541,162

Sweden
16,158,000

Poland
2,437,996
Aircraft
15,036

Austria
1,411,738

Czech Republic
893,208
Aircraft
142,490
169,718
Hungary
97000

Portugal
11885

Source: Official Journal of the European Union annual reports on the European Union Code of Conduct on Arms Exports via http://enaat.org/eu-export-browser/licence.en.html?destination=Venezuela by European Network Against Arms Trade (ENAAT).

Dutch export

Recently the Netherlands exported armed patrol vessels to Venezuela. The deliverances of these Dutch ships was debated in Parliament a year ago. In this debate the Minister of Foreign Affairs explained that the Damen ships were not reported in the list of military exports, because they are civilian. But a publication of Stop Wapenhandel pointed at a naval military magazine: “In this case however, according to this month’s issue of Sea Power, the Stan Patrol 4207 ships will be equipped with one 20mm canon, two 12.7mm and two 7.62mm machine guns. The Stan Patrol 2606 craft will be equipped with three 12.7mm and three 7.62 machine guns and one automatic grenade launcher each.” As this is equipment is added after export, it gives the European exporter space to use a broad bandwidth for the definition of 'civil'. Economic benefits seems to be the dececive factor in this export. Damen and Thales are the cornerstones of the Dutch defence industrial base.

Damen Cuba

The Cuban wharf of Dutch shipbuilder Damen, Damex, sold Stan Lander roll on – roll off vessels to Venezuela in 2011. In the military press they were reported at the time as tank landing ships. Dutch goverment however told the parliament: “The ships are not military vessels in the sense of ML9 of the Common list of military goods. The are not covered by the Dutch arms export regulations.” The Netherlands had excluded new military sales to Venezuela, but by categorising these ships as none-military this sale could continue. Damen itself advertises the ships more accuratedly on its website. “The DAMEN
Landing Ship range is a state-of-the-art flexible Class designed to fulfil all traditional Landing Ship mission requirements, as well as the support and secondary mission tasks required by modern naval platforms of this size” In the rhetorical language of the Bolivarian revolution they are

The Los Frailes (T-91), Los Testigos (T-92) en Los Roques (T-93) and Los Monjes (T-94) are part of the navy of Venezuela and add to the logistics, operations and armed tasks. A second order for four ships of the same class was placed in 2015 at Damen's Vietnamese based Halong Shipbuilding Company. Pictures make clear they have a military task and may also be used for internal repression e.g. by bringing armoured vehicles to the place the government needs them.

Geschreven voor Stop Wapenhandel





zaterdag 11 november 2017

Week 45 in #wapenhandel25tweets

(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.)

Introduction text in Dutch follow. For now watch tweets on Swedish, Norwegian and German arms export policy.



Nederland (zie ook 4, 5, 16, 20, 25, 27, 29, 30)

1 – 081117: retweet @NIDVnews - Succesvolle Industriedagen VS Washington mmv Nld ambass, min Def, minEz en Amerikaanse overheid + industrie. Zakendoen met de VS!

2 – 071117: Also 09/17 many vaguely described Dutch dual use deliverances of equipment for information security. (Excell sheet) https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/rapporten/2016/10/01/overzicht-dual-use-vergunningen

3 – 071117: Report: #Dutch technology may have helped advance #Iran's weapons program http://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Iran-News/Report-Dutch-technology-may-have-helped-advance-Irans-weapons-program-513317

EUROPA (zie ook 17, 28)

4 – 111117: Dutch MP @SadetKarabulut against plans to establish European defence fund [in Dutch]: further militarisation and subsidizing of arms industry brings peace not closer to people. https://www.sp.nl/nieuws/2017/11/karabulut-stop-europese-defensieplannen #noEUmoney4arms

5 – 111117: MEP @DdJong states that arms industry lobby gets more influence in Brussels. Blog inspired on @Vredesactie report. https://www.sp.nl/column/dennis-jong/2017/weeklog-wapenindustrie-heeft-brussel-in-haar-greep

België (zie 5)
Denemarken (zie 24)
Duitsland (zie 15)
Frankrijk (zie 18)

Griekenland

6 – 081117: #Greek P-3B Orion #MPA aircraft modification costs $ 260 million. #Lockheed is the winner. https://www.zacks.com/stock/news/281960/lockheed-martins-unit-wins-260m-deal-to-upgrade-p38-jet

Noorwegen (zie ook 12)

7 – 071117: #Norwegian arms exports 2016 (in Norwegian). Denials: Egypt, Filippines, Israel, Morocco, Saudi-Arabia, Vietnam etc. https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/73a448d464a04fb0a2dbfb135f87af89/no/pdfs/stm201720180005000dddpdfs.pdf

Roemenië (zie 20)

Tsjechië

8 – 101117: #Chech Imex Group is not compensated by State harming its reputation. Minister said it illegally exported ammo to embargoed #Congo. http://www.praguemonitor.com/2017/11/10/firm-not-get-compensation-state-babi%C5%A1s-words

Zweden

9 – 071117: #Swedish annual arms and dual use export report 2016. Denials to MENA region incl. Turkey, Jordan & Pakistan, Taiwan http://www.government.se/4aac10/contentassets/34e63b97dbb047a5884f8af615ef8d08/en_skr.-2016-17-nr-114--strategisk-exportkontroll-2016_eng-aaml_rev.doc.._.pdf

10 – 071117: Stricter #Swedish arms export rules proposed to enter into force on 15 April 2018. Who follows? https://globalcompliancenews.com/swedish-government-proposes-stricter-rules-weapon-export/

Zwitserland

11 – 061117: #Swiss arms industry want to be able to #export to countries with internal conflict. [in German] http://www.finanzen.ch/nachrichten/Aktien/Ruestungsindustrie-will-in-Buergerkriegslaender-exportieren-duerfen-1006854994

REST VAN DE WERELD

Azerbeidzjan
12 – 061117: Arminfo: #Norway refused to sell arms to #Azerbaijan http://arminfo.info/full_news.php?id=28106&lang=3

Australië (zie 25)
Congo (zie 8)
Iran (zie 3)

Marokko

13 – 091117: #Morocco launches its 1st #spy #satellite with the help of #Airbus and Thales and with Spanish and Algerian concern. https://www.defensenews.com/space/2017/11/08/morocco-launches-its-first-spy-satellite/

Noord-Korea

14 – 061117: #Australia, US, S. Korea conduct naval drills to stop N. #Korean suspected ships. No #submarines involved. http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/australia-conducts-naval-drills-to-stop-and-search-north-korean-weapons-ships-20171106-gzg01k.html via @smh

Oekraïne

15 – 091117: #Germany unwilling to sell #Ukraine arms production machinery complains #BPP parlementarian Ivan #Vinnyk or #Vinnik. http://zik.ua/en/news/2017/11/08/germany_unwilling_to_sell_to_ukraine_machinery_for_arms_production_lawmaker_1201377

Rusland

16 – 101117: #Dutch company based on airport #Schiphol illegally delivered radar for #fighter aircraft to #Russia. [in Dutch] https://www.ad.nl/binnenland/nederlands-bedrijf-leverde-militaire-goederen-illegaal-aan-rusland~a2aa9527/

Venezuela

17 – 091117: EU may impose arms embargo on #Venezuela, lays basis for sanctions: diplomats. https://www.dailysabah.com/americas/2017/11/08/eu-to-impose-arms-embargo-on-venezuela-lays-basis-for-sanctions-diplomats

VAE (zie ook 22, 29)

18 – 091117: #UAE closes deal for two French #Gowind navy #corvettes, #Macron Again with Dutch fire control radar? http://f24.my/24dL.T  @FRANCE24 http://www.france24.com/en/20171109-uae-closes-deal-two-gowind-navy-corvettes-macron

Vietnam
Zuid-Korea

DEFENSIE-INDUSTRIE

Airbus (zie ook 13)

19 – 061117: #Corruption at #Airbus leads to struggle 4 power. Korruptionsermittlungen: Bei Airbus tobt ein dreckiger Machtkampf https://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article170351501/Bei-Airbus-tobt-ein-dreckiger-Machtkampf.html

Damen

20 – 101117: Damen acquires majority shares in Daewoo Mangalia Heavy Industries. http://www.damen.com/en/news/2017/11/damen_acquires_daewoos_shares_in_daewoo_mangalia_heavy_industries

Thales (zie ook 13, 18)

21 – 071117: retweet @RedSocksMTD - Afgelopen week op 1 & 2 nov stonden wij samen met @thalesnederland op Infosecurity in @jaarbeurs. Het waren twee leuke en succesvolle dagen!

Brievenbussen

WAPENS

F-35

22 – 061117: Trump could let #UAE buy F-35 jets with components from #Netherlands, #UK, #Denmark, #Norway etc. Remember #Yemen. https://www.defensenews.com/digital-show-dailies/dubai-air-show/2017/11/04/trump-could-let-the-uae-buy-f-35-jets/

23 – 061117: Defense News Forecast: Middle East Fighter Jet sales.

24 – 071117: Next scandal around #JSF. #Denmark’s multi billion-kroner #F35s may not be up to job: national audit office report https://www.thelocal.dk/20171103/denmarks-multi-billion-kroner-f35s-may-not-be-up-to-job-report


Observatie technologie (IT) (zie 2)
Onderzeeboten (zie 6, 14)

26 – 081117: #Boeing and #Lockheed to develop navy's Extra-Large Unmanned #Submarine #XLUUV 4 number of tasks. http://www.popularmechanics.com/military/research/a28506/boeing-lockheed-navy-extra-large-drone-sub-orca/ via @PopMech XLUUV (zie ook: https://www.c4isrnet.com/unmanned/2017/11/06/the-navy-is-getting-an-extra-large-underwater-drone/)

Raketschild

27 – 111117: Dutch SP/gov Q&A inspired by @CTWnl report on #missile #defence role of LC-#frigates and new Belgian frigates answered by Minister of Defence. Not aimed only at #Russia. https://www.tweedekamer.nl/downloads/document?id=7a3fcd72-8bfe-42d9-934d-2a32351a6523&title=Antwoord%20op%20vragen%20van%20het%20lid%20Karabulut%20over%20de%20bewapening%20van%20de%20Luchtverdedigings-%20en%20Commandofregatten%20%28LC-fregatten%29.docx

Satellieten

28 – 091117: On the differences between the European and the US model of developing #space craft and overview of recent tech. https://www.defensenews.com/space/2017/10/27/might-europe-follow-the-us-model-of-commercializing-space-manufacturers-hope-not/

Wapenbeurzen (zie ook 21)

29 – 111117: #AIMOL NL, #Fokker Services, #Lupa Aircraft Models, #NATIONALAIRCARGO Nederland attend Dubai Airshow from the Netherlands http://www.dubaiairshow.aero/exhibitor-list 


OVERIG
Corruptie (zie 19)
Defensiebudget

30 – 101117: Dutch navy want laser canons. Currently Dutch can not confront Russians, admirals states. [in Dutch] https://www.ad.nl/binnenland/star-wars-achtig-laserkanon-wordt-nieuw-boegbeeld-nederlandse-marine~a6e459e1/

Onderzoek en activisme (zie ook 27)

31 – 061117: Free summaries of #SIPRIYearbook 2017. Available in Catalan, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish & Swedish: https://www.sipri.org/yearbook/2017



This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see http://twitter.com/martinbroek

zondag 5 november 2017

Week 44 in #wapenhandel25tweets

(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.)

Airbus, Australië, Andreas Schwer, F-35 en Democraten

Airbus raakt steeds meer verzeild in corruptie schandalen. Deze week bleek dat het bedrijf niet juist heeft aangegeven welke 'lobbydiensten' het in de Verenigde Staten heeft ingekocht. Via Fox las ik hierover met het meest gedetailleerde bericht. Voor Fox leuk om te doen. Een aanval op het Europese defensie/luchtvaartbedrijf speelt Boeing en Lockheed Martin in de kaart.

Dat laatste bedrijf kon wel een zetje gebruiken. Er gaat nogal wat fout i.v.m. de Joint Strike Fighter, F-35. Deze week kwam de Amerikaanse Rekenkamer (GAO) weer met een vernietigend rapport en bleek dat roest op verbindingspunten kon worden verklaard doordat niet de voorgeschreven grondverf is gebruikt.

In Australië woedt een hevige discussie of het land moet aanhaken bij de internationale defensie-industrie. In verschillende Australische kranten verscheen een artikel onder de kop: Murky business: Is Australia 'exporting death'? De zin: “Thales is one of the biggest beneficiaries of the European Union's increasingly militarised border policies,” is ontleend aan het rapport van Mark Akkerman (Stop Wapenhandel) voor het Transnational Institute (TNI) over defensie-industrie en vluchtelingen. Het artikel sluit af met krachtig commentaar van de Zuid-Afrikaan Andrew Feinstein, terwijl SIPRI's Siemon Wezeman e.e.a. mag duiden.

De Duitser Andreas Schwer met een geschiedenis in het militaire deel van Airbus en huidig CEO van Rheinmetall gaat een Saoedische mega wapenproducent opzetten, zo is de bedoeling. Alle mooie gedachten over wapenbeheersing en mensenrechten ten spijt. Als het niet linksom kan dan gaat het rechtsom.

Deze losse eindjes sluit ik af met een lang stuk over de Amerikaanse verkiezingen van 2016. In een autopsie rapport worden de misstappen van de Democraten onder de loep genomen. Een van de zeven hoofdstukken gaat over de Amerikaanse oorlogspolitiek. Het lijkt me een stuk om te lezen, al houd je het maar bij de hoofdstukken 5 en 6. “Overall, the Democratic Party leadership has refused to make a distinction between truly defending the United States and waging interventionist wars,” meldt het rapport (p. 28) dat wordt gedragen door Democraten.

Nederland (zie 13, 18, 19, 23)

EUROPA

1 – 301017: The struggle for #EU defence programs. Who will be shut out? Italy's #Leonardo said it fears to be the victim. https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2017/10/27/leonardo-could-get-shut-out-of-joint-eu-defense-programs-but-backs-them-anyway/

Duitsland

2 – 011117: German defence industry veteran Andreas Schwer (#Rheinmetall) will be CEO of #SAMI, the #Saudi military company.https://english.alarabiya.net/en/business/economy/2017/10/31/Egypt-s-economic-reforms-showing-positive-results-IMF-says-.html

3 – 011117: German #Rheinmetall CEO starts in #Riyadh [in German: Deutscher Spitzenmanager heuert in #Riad an] https://www.welt.de/print/die_welt/wirtschaft/article170212875/Deutscher-Spitzenmanager-heuert-in-Riad-an.html

4 – 011117: German involvement in Turkish & South Korean Altay tank project in doubt because of souring relations. https://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/turkey-signs-deal-with-s-korea-for-altay-tank-project-05012/

5 – 301017: German arms exports with countries around the world. http://www.dw.com/en/german-arms-exports-what-you-need-to-know/a-41160691

Frankrijk (zie ook 1)

6 – 301017: French Armed Forces Minister Florence #Parly sought contracts for French arms manufacturers in Abu #Dhabi and #India http://en.rfi.fr/asia-pacific/20171029-french-minister-touts-arms-contracts-abu-dhabi-india

Italië (zie 1)
Spanje (zie 20)

Turkije (zie ook 4)

7 – 011117: #NATO's own dictatorship works with the help of all on expanding its defence industry. Here it is about #drones. https://www.defensenews.com/air/2017/11/03/drone-wars-turkey-ups-homegrown-options/

Zweden

8 – 011117: Russian Sputnik on #Swedish #Saab and its global arms sales. https://sputniknews.com/military/201710311058682108-sweden-saab-arms-sales/

REST VAN DE WERELD

Australië

9 – 011117: Murky business: Is #Australia 'exporting death'? Arguments on both sides of enlarging arms industry Down Under http://www.northweststar.com.au/story/5034221/murky-business-is-australia-exporting-death/

China (zie 10b)

Egypte

10 – 011117: #USAF awards #Egypt #border sensor contract to Advanced Technology Systems Company value $64.1 million https://www.c4isrnet.com/intel-geoint/sensors/2017/10/31/air-force-awards-egypt-border-sensor-contract/

India (zie 6)
Koeweit (zie 23)
Pakistan (zie 13)
Saoedi-Arabië (zie 2-3)
VAE (zie 6)

Vietnam

10b – 011117: #ASEAN's #China shift weakens #Vietnam's anti Beijing position. #CoastGuard https://international.thenewslens.com/article/82650  via @TheNewsLens

Zuid-Korea (zie 4)

DEFENSIE-INDUSTRIE

Airbus

11 – 011117: #Airbus reveals violations over payments to #middlemen https://www.ft.com/content/ee1b765e-be15-11e7-b8a3-38a6e068f464 via @FT

12 – 031117: #Airbus could face #debarment, fine over US #export control #missteps http://www.foxbusiness.com/features/2017/11/02/airbus-could-face-debarment-fine-over-u-s-export-control-missteps-lawyers.html

Damen (zie 10b, 23)

13 – 011117: #Pakistan orders two #corvettes from US-based #Swiftships after it earlier bought #Damen OPVs. http://quwa.org/2017/10/31/pakistan-orders-two-corvettes-us-based-swiftships/ zie ook (http://nation.com.pk/01-Nov-2017/pakistan-orders-two-corvettes-from-us-based-swiftships)
WAPENS

Drones (zie 7, 23)

F-35 (zie ook 25)

14 – 311017: Never enough: +$1 trillion (+1.000.000.000.000) #F35 repair and overhaul program has shortage of spare parts & limited repair capacity. https://www.gao.gov/assets/690/687982.pdf

15 – 011117: Broken #F35 parts take 6 months to fix, #GAO finds (tweeted link to report yesterday) http://aviationweek.com/defense/broken-f-35-parts-take-six-months-fix-gao-finds

16 – 021117: New problem for #F35 enterprise: Lockheed had not been applying the required primer at fastener holes. https://www.defensenews.com/air/2017/11/01/minor-quality-control-issue-creates-new-problem-for-f-35-enterprise/

Kleine wapens

17 – 011117: Military-grade night vision gear widely available to civilians https://www.yahoo.com/news/military-grade-night-vision-gear-094612254.html

Observatie technologie (IT)

18 – 021117: retweet @tokmetzis  - Deze Nederlanders probeerden omstreden spionagesoftware te verkopen https://decorrespondent.nl/7527/deze-nederlanders-probeerden-omstreden-spionagesoftware-te-verkopen/366542319-88b9df71 … via @decorrespondent

19 – 021117: A virtual “dragnet”: Dutch referendum on #Sleepwet (tapping law) reaches US military internet magazine, Fifth Domain https://www.fifthdomain.com/international/2017/11/01/dutch-voters-force-referendum-on-new-communication-tapping-law/

Onderzeeboten

20 – 041117: retweet @NIDVnews - Geslaagd bezoek NIDV DUKC platform aan NAVANTIA, Cartagena Spanje ihkv project vervanging OZBT'n. Indrukwekkend wat zij te bieden hebben.

21 – 041117: The #submarine might soon be obsolete (and swarm 'subs' might take its place). http://nationalinterest.org/print/blog/the-buzz/the-submarine-might-soon-be-obsolete-swarm-subs-might-take-22913

Raketschild

22 – 311017:  Operating & sustaining US #Raytheon missile defence radar (AN/TPY-2 & Sea-Based X-Band, SBX) for 3 yrs costs $1.5bn https://www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/1356245/

Wapenbeurzen

23 – 041117:  Which company is going in december from your country to sell #weapons in #Kuwait? http://gulfdefense.com/exhibitors/gda-2017/exhibitor-listing/ #StopTheArmsFair For the Netherlands Damen and Microflown Avisa

OVERIG

Corruptie (zie 11-12)
Defensiebudget (zie 14)

Lobby

24 – 311017: retweet @JBaldinger -Visiting the #Appliedinnovationexchange #silliconvalley @Capgemini @ariejandewaard @DMO_Innovatie @innovationair @GeertAriens @fwammes – at Capgemini Studio


25 – 311017:   retweet @ariejandewaard -Useful visit to production facility @LockheedMartin #F35 Fort Worth: good dialogue on production & sustainment + talk with Dutch team in US.


26 – 311017:   NIDV‏ @NIDVnews Veel interessante gesprekken over mogelijkheden in het buitenland tijdens de Defensie Attachés bedrijvendagen in @dudokdenhaag gevoerd.

Onderzoek en activisme (zie 9, 19)

This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see http://twitter.com/martinbroek

zondag 29 oktober 2017

Week 43 in #wapenhandel25tweets


(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.)


F-16's naar Jordanië

Neergestortte Jordaanse F-16 in Narjan bij de grens met Jemen. bron
De eerste zes F-16's zijn weg (zie ook tweet) naar Jordanië. Dat is een land dat onderdeel is van de Saoedische coalitie tegen Jemen. Jordanië zet daarbij F-16 in.

Een Jordaanse luchtmacht generaal vertelde in november 2015 een Nederlandse journalist dat vier F-16's werden ingezet voor de strijd in Jemen. Maar ook in januari 2017 zijn ze nog ingezet aldus Parstoday dat een aanval op een Jordaanse F-16 beschrijft. Volgens de Nederlandse regering (opent pdf, zie ook week 42) gaat het slechts om een ondersteunende rol.

Nederland heeft bovendien een afspraak gemaakt met Jordanië dat de geleverde exemplaren niet zullen worden ingezet in de strijd boven Jemen. Maar wat betekent zo'n afspraak?

Een garantie van welke regering dan ook is waardeloos,” zegt de Britse minister van Materieelbeleid onder de Britse premier Thatcher, Alan Clark, begin jaren negentig al tegen journalist John Pilger. Eerder deze maand citeerde Defense News (een onafhankelijk, maar aan het Pentagon gelieerd weekblad) Rachel Stohl van het Stimson Center “... als je wapens geeft aan een land of organisatie, dan kan je niet meer controleren hoe ze gebruikt worden.”  

“Hoewel een dergelijke clausule als onderdeel van de wapenexportregeling opnemen naïef is, biedt ze wel handvatten om achteraf gefundeerde kritiek te leveren op de inzet voor oneigenlijke doelen en dat mee te wegen in de verstrekking van latere exportvergunningen,” schreef ik in 2003 in Explosieve Materie; Nederlandse wapenhandel blootgelegd. Om die controle vorm te geven is het van belang dat het publiek of tenminste Parlementariërs – vertrouwelijk indien onvermijdelijk – kennis kunnen nemen van dergelijke afspraken.

Als Jordanië zo'n kleine tachtig F-16's bezit en 15 mogen er niet worden ingezet boven Jemen dan kan het dat met passen en meten de Nederlandse F-16's inzetten voor taken die wel mogen en zijn de andere F-16's vrij om mee te doen met Saoedi's en Emiraten. Wat voor afspraken zijn er eigenlijk voor eerder door Nederland geleverde F-16's gemaakt? En hoe zit het de negen geleverd door België?


Nederland (zie ook 17, 23-24, 25, 27)

1 – 241017: retweet @Argosradio1 - Kees [van den Bosch] vertelt over zijn wereldprimeur in 2005, een verhaal over een Pakistaan die een atoombom ontwikkelde. #Argos25jaar https://twitter.com/twitter/statuses/922733167731204098

2 – 241017: Documents on A.Q. #Khan & #Pakistan's nuke collected after #FOIA requests by @CTWnl @frankslijper. See @Argosradio1 http://broekstukken.blogspot.com/2017/10/stukken-over-aq-khan-wobdocuments-on-aq.html

3 – 251017: Q&A how to prevent & control #Dutch sales for #WMD by private companies. Military intelligence signals low awareness https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/kamerstukken/2017/10/25/beantwoording-kamervragen-over-kopen-van-onderdelen-voor-massavernietigingswapens

4 – 271017: Dutch technology may have been used in weapons of mass destruction: ministers http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2017/10/dutch-technology-may-have-been-used-in-weapons-of-mass-destruction-ministers/

5 – 261017: #Jordan takes delivery of ex-#Dutch #F16s | Jane's 360 http://www.janes.com/article/75226/jordan-takes-delivery-of-ex-dutch-f-16s

6 – 271017: Dutch #SP asks government to pressure Israel, Ukraine, China and Russia to end arms sales to #Myanmar. https://www.tweedekamer.nl/downloads/document?id=a31fd849-cb5e-4fbe-ab62-709a9535be70&title=Conceptverslag%2520Myanmar%2520.docx


EUROPA (zie ook 22)

7 – 261017: retweet #EU under mounting pressure to ban arms sales to #Saudi Arabia. @_ENAAT https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/oct/26/eu-under-mounting-pressure-to-ban-arms-sales-to-saudi-arabia

België (zie 25)

Denemarken


Duitsland (zie ook 12)

9 – 231017: #German government continues sale of #submarine to #Israel after #corruption hurdle. http://www.badische-zeitung.de/deutschland-1/merkel-genehmigt-u-boot-deal

Finland

10 – 231017: #Finish arms exports, major destination #MENA-region. #Qatar #UAE http://eu.janj.eu/n/80157

Frankrijk (zie 15-16, 26)

Turkije

11 – 241017: #Turkey’s #kamikaze #drones ready for action https://www.dailysabah.com/turkey/2017/10/22/turkeys-kamikaze-drone-is-ready-for-action

12 – 241017: Annalena Baerbock, (Grünen) "man [sollte] endlich #Waffenexporte und #Hermes-Bürgschaften für die #Türkei beenden" http://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/jamaika-sondierungsgespraeche-merkel-gegen-abbruch-der-eu-gespraeche-mit-ankara/20502316.html

VK (zie 21)
Zwitserland (zie 21)

REST VAN DE WERELD

Azerbeidzjan

13 – 241017: Despite support for #ATT #Canada considers to sell to weapons #Azerbaijan despite the conflict with #Armenia. https://horizonweekly.ca/en/canadian-mp-garnett-genuis-raises-concern-regarding-the-arms-sales-to-azerbaijan/

Australië
Botswana

Canada (zie ook 13)

14 – 261017: #Canadian military reviewing whether to provide weapons to #Kurds despite fighting with #Iraqi forces. http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/defence-watch/canadian-military-reviewing-whether-to-provide-weapons-to-kurds

Ecuador (zie 17)

Egypte

15 – 241017: Rights groups blast #Egypt's human rights record and #French weapon deals (involving others like #Thales Nederland) http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/10/rights-groups-blast-egypt-human-rights-record-171023095106374.html

16 – 261017: It seems the more human rights considerations, the more efforts to sell #arms. #France ready to sell more to #Egypt. https://www.dailysabah.com/mideast/2017/10/26/france-ready-to-sell-more-weapons-to-egypt-reports-indicate

Iran (zie 3-4, 20)
Irak (zie 14)
Israël (zie 6, 9)
Jemen (zie 5, 7)
Jordanië (zie 5)
Myanmar (zie 6)
Noord-Korea (zie 8)
Oekraïne (zie 6)
Pakistan (zie 1-2, 3-4)
Qatar (zie 10)
Rusland (zie 6)
Saoedi-Arabië (zie 7)
Syrië (zie 3-4)
Taiwan (zie 26)
VAE (zie 10)

DEFENSIE-INDUSTRIE

Damen

17 – 231017: #Ecuadorian Navy commissions first #Damen Stan Patrol 5009 #OPV | Jane's 360 http://www.janes.com/article/75131/ecuadorian-navy-commissions-first-damen-stan-patrol-5009-opv

Thales (zie ook 15, 23)

18 – 251017: #European naval defence-industry consolidation. Stakes high 4 #Thales it may loose its position on Combat Data Syst. https://www.defensenews.com/industry/2017/10/24/naval-airbus-in-europe-could-lead-to-industry-shake-up/

WAPENS

Drones (zie ook 11)

19 – 251017: New face of war: #DARPA contracts to develop #drones swarms for urban combat environments. https://www.c4isrnet.com/unmanned/uas/2017/10/24/darpa-we-want-autonomous-drone-swarms-for-war-fighters/

F-35

20 – 251017: Sentenced for attempt to transfer to #Iran material relating to the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (#JSF) Program. http://www.exportshh.com/second-circuit-upholds-sentence-for-attempt-to-export-f-35-technology-to-iran/#page=1

Luchtvaart

21 – 231017: Most attractive economies for aeronautic industries. Top 3: US, Switzerland and UK. https://www.pwc.com/us/en/industrial-products/publications/assets/pwc-aerospace-manufacturing-attractiveness-rankings-2017.pdf

Observatie technologie (IT)

22 – 261017: #MEPs want human rights safeguard on #surveillance tech exports @EURACTIV https://www.euractiv.com/section/cybersecurity/news/meps-want-human-rights-safeguard-on-tech-exports/

Onderzeeboten (zie 9)

Raketschild

23 – 241017: NATO missile defence. Dutch pride, the #Thales Smart-L #radar is missing in the story. #Raytheon stealing the show. https://www.defenceonline.co.uk/2017/10/23/raytheon-nato-ballistic-missile/

24 – 241017: Agitprop "Terrorists have a growing no. of Ballistic missiles that's why Dutch navy is involved in Missile Defence" https://www.rovid.nl/def/km/2017/def-km-20171016-idd3sk51y-web-hd.mp4

Wapenbeurzen

25 – 221017: In 2 weeks Defense Security Asia #DSA in #Thailand: FN Herstal (BE), DSM (NL) and 6 from Germany, 2 UK and 6 France. http://apps.ubmasia.com/exhlist/AsianDefense-2017/en/#

WMD (zie 1-2, 3-4)

OVERIG

Corruptie (zie ook 9)

26 – 261017: #Thales, #Dassault, #Safran fined 227 mln euros in #Taiwan dispute on arms sales and #bribes. https://news.webindia123.com/news/articles/World/20171025/3206930.html

Defensiebudget (zie ook 24)

27 – 241017: Complains Dutch military must shout PANG! when firing rifle & hasn't protective cloths. Buys 26 AMRAAM $360.000 each http://www.dsca.mil/major-arms-sales/government-netherlands-aim-120-c-7-advanced-medium-range-air-air-missile-amraam

Onderzoek en activisme (zie ook 2)

28 – 241017: Helpful tool to develop quickly a basic understanding of the arms trade, defence industry and its surroundings. http://www.housmans.com/blog/?p=2792

This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see http://twitter.com/martinbroek