woensdag 23 mei 2018

Stopping F-35 exports to Turkey: the impossible must be possible

Although under the autocratic regime of president Erdogan, Turkey expected to receive its F-35 fighter aircraft. According to plan the first plan would be delivered June 21 and stationed in September 2019 in Turkey's Malatya province which borders Iran, Iraq and Syria. But remarkably the program is now under fire in the US.

The detention of the American pastor Andrew Craig Brunson, the role of Turkey in fighting the Kurdish YPG in Syria (an ally against IS) and most prominently the acquisition of the Russian S-400 air defence system pushed US-Turkish relations to the edge.

The F-35 plays in central role in the debate. It is part of the 2019 defence budget deliberations (NDAA 2019) in which the US House of Representatives stated:

"Requires DOD to provide Congress with a report on the impact that increasing strains on the U.S.-Turkey relationship, caused by provocative actions taken by the Turkish military deliveries to Turkey will be frozengovernment over the past year, will have on all U.S. military and diplomatic activities currently conducted in Turkey, including joint operation of the F-35 and other military platforms. Prohibits DOD from taking any action to execute the delivery of a foreign military sale for major defense equipment under section 36 of the Arms Export Control Act to Turkey, until the report is complete."

When this amendment will be adopted, until within 60 days following the enactment of the law the report is submitted to the relevant Committee of Congress. A US procurement official, cited by Defense News, fears the Bill would "kill all US-Turkish procurement business in the several years ahead." And so do Turkish commentators. The CEO of Turkish defence firm ASELSAN stated recently that the whole F-35 program will collapse if the U.S. blocks deliveries of the fighter jets to Turkey. An annalist with the Turkish C4 defence magazine said: "The US will shoot itself in the foot, it would definitely harm the entire project." 

Also a Bill was introduced by two Republicans and one Democrat senator to limit the transfer of F–35 aircraft to Turkey”, because Turkey degrades NATO security by acquiring the S-400 air defence system from Russia a country under US-sanctions. And "has wrongfully or unlawfully detaining one or more United States citizens", referring to pater Brunson who is accused of being a Gülen supporter.

The reasons for the debate is clearly NATO and US domestic affairs, not Turkish human rights, peace and security considerations. And it is predictable the F-35 cooperation with Turkey will not be blocked. The F-35 is the largest defence program ever. According to the US General Accounting Office (GAO) worth $400 billion in new build fighter planes and $1,000 billion in overhaul and maintenance for the next 60 years; an enormous figure contributing to the incredibly high US military expenditure.

The F-35 is often regarded a US program, but the US has tried to get as many international partners as possible. The UK is most prominent, followed by the Netherlands and Italy, the second tier participants But also Australia, Canada, Denmark, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea and Turkey are part of the program. Several Turkish companies participate (see earlier Explosive Stuff blog) and according to the Daily Sabah, a pro-government paper, Turkish firms expect to make a profit of $US 12 billion from it. A branch of Dutch Fokker Elmo in Izmir for example will produce a major share of the Electrical Wiring & Interconnection System (EWIS) for the F-35 engine (the F135), according the F-35 program website.

But how can the European Union contributers to the F-35 program reconcile with it's Common Postion on arms exports? Is seem Turkey fits many criteria not to export arms to a country:

Criteria 2 states: Respect for human rights in the country of final destination as well as respect by that country of international humanitarian law.

Criteria 3 states: Internal situation in the country of final destination, as a function of the existence of tensions or armed conflicts.

Criteria 4 states: Member States shall deny an export licence if there is a clear risk that the intended recipient would use the military technology or equipment to be exported aggressively against another country or to assert by force a territorial claim.

Criteria 6 states: Behaviour of the buyer country with regard to the international community, as regards in particular its attitude to terrorism, the nature of its alliances and respect for international law.

F-35 deliveries of many EU states however fall under a so called General Export License. This kind of license was introduced to facilitate arms exports to NATO, EU, and allied countries (Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and Switzerland). The licenses provide general export permission for a limited number of countries and items. SIPRI described General Licenses as a "shift to a reduction in licensing requirements for less sensitive exports." But fighter plane (components) to a country using fighter planes regularly against its own population and against neighbouring states can hardly be considered non-sensitive.

The UK has recently updated its Open General Export Licence (OGEL) "to export or transfer goods, software or technology for the Joint Strike Fighter (F-35 Lightning II) (JSF) Programme from the United Kingdom to any of the destinations or countries listed in this licence" such as Israel and Turkey. The Dutch General Export License for the F-35 (Regeling Algemene Vergunning NL009) is less clear and refers to parties adjusted to approved agreements in the framework of the F-35 Lightning II program, without naming them, but Turkey is surely one of them. Recently the Dutch export authorities stopped several F-16 deliveries, but it must be feared the F-35 faces a less restrictive policy. 

Ankara is spreeing misery by its police and detention centers, but also by its air force. A closer look on the biggest weapon program in the history of mankind is needed, also when it only concerns components. When the entire F-35 project hings on Turkish participation, as Turkish commentators suggest, it may be doubted if the program ever took on board the arms export principles of the EU. Considering Turkish aggression against civilians and neighbouring countries the impossible should be possible here, and F-35 exports to Turkey should indeed be stopped. To substantiate the EU Common Position on arms exports it is necessary.

dinsdag 22 mei 2018

Week 20 in #wapenhandel25tweets

(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.
Please like or share if it is helpful or interesting for you.)



Netherlands / Nederland (see also 15)

1 – 210518: 15 Dutch arms export denials in 2017 on Bahrain, China, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Turkey, UAE, Ukraine, and Vietnam. Broekstukken: Arms Export Denials (Dutch: weigeringen) 2010-2017 http://broekstukken.blogspot.com/2018/04/arms-export-denials-dutch-weigeringen.html

2 – 180518: Dutch annual arms export control 2017 [in Dutch] on website of Netherlands Government to download. (https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/rapporten/2018/05/17/het-nederlandse-wapenexportbeleid-in-2017)

3 – 210518: #Raytheon got a $77m contract for Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile Block 2 development & production of #ESSM Block 2 missiles. Work will be performed in Tucson, Arizona (61%); Thales Hengelo, #Netherlands (9%); Ottobrunn, Germany (6%); etc. Who will buy them? https://www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/1525992/

4 – 160518: The Netherlands' defence ministry has outlined its plans to remanufacture the nation's current fleet of 28 Boeing AH-64D Apache attack helicopters, with the goal of operating the updated type until 2050. https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/netherlands-targets-apache-remanufacturing-deal-448592/

5 – 140518: Dutch export of naval C3 equipment to Egypt by undisclosed company (= Thales Nederland). Value € 9.542.939,82. For OH Perry class in Egyptian navy. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/kamerstukken/2018/05/14/kamerbrief-over-vergunning-voor-export-militair-materieel-naar-egypte

EUROPE

6 – 170518: Retweet @PWezeman - 2018 reporting by Arms Trade Treaty members has started. Italy first major exporter to report its arms exports in 2017. But only includes total numbers and not who received the stuff! http://www.thearmstradetreaty.org/images/Annual_Reports_2017/Italy_Annual_Report_2017P.pdf

Romania and Slovenia also reported. But with lot's of details. Like Romania exported 9 rifles to Italy, 20,000 assault rifles to Iraq and 702 grenade launchers to Saudi http://www.thearmstradetreaty.org/images/Annual_Reports_2017/Romania_Annual_Report_2017P.pdf

7 – 170518: The real question is not whether Europeans are pissed off but whether they will do anything in response to Trump’s actions. The answer is most likely no. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/europe/2018-05-15/why-trump-can-safely-ignore-europe

Germany / Deutchland (see 9)
Italy / Italia (zie 6)

Spain / España
8 – 150518: Spain beats its own record with €4.3 billion in weapons exports https://elpais.com/elpais/2018/05/15/inenglish/1526369634_710320.html

Romania (see 6)

Turkey / Türkiye (see also 1)

9 – 150518: Turkey used German spy software on opposition politicians and activists http://www.dw.com/en/turkey-used-german-spy-software-on-opposition-politicians-and-activists/a-43787769

10 – 150518: Turkey remains a "priority market" for British weapons, despite concerns from human rights groups and EU officials over the erosion of the country's rule of law. http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/revealed-boom-uk-arms-exports-turkey-eve-erdogans-london-visit-1561968969

UK (see 10, 16)

11 – 170518: An activist protesting Bristol arms companies explains why they are putting names and stories to the victims of the arms trade: "We wanted to show that the casualties from the Bristol arms industry aren’t faceless." https://thebristolcable.org/2018/05/voices-why-were-shouting-the-names-of-kurdish-fighters-from-the-rooftops-of-arms-companies/

12 – 160518: We went to an arms company AGM. Here’s how they justify profiting from war. https://www.redpepper.org.uk/we-went-to-an-arms-company-agm-heres-how-they-justify-profiting-from-war/ from @redpeppermag

13 – 160518: As unarmed demonstrators in #Gaza are targeted by Israeli snipers, remember: in 2017, the UK Government approved £216 million in arms sales to Israel, including sniper rifles. http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/exclusive-uk-sells-more-500m-arms-israel-including-sniper-rifles-718473139

Australia

14 – 160518: This how it goes: Australia is in the middle of a defence boom ($89bn for naval vessels). Perhaps predictably, it has quickly transformed into an industry boondoggle designed to protect jobs, particularly political jobs. http://www.afr.com/opinion/editorials/defence-procurements-purpose-cant-be-to-protect-political-jobs-20180515-h1032a

Bahrain / Al-Bahrayn (see 1)
China / Zhōngguó (see 1)

Egypt / Mişr (see also 5)

15 – 140518: According to the Dutch government the Egyptian navy there is no (often reported e.g. https://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/comment/2018/1/10/the-international-communitys-whitewashing-of-yemen) maritime blockade against Yemen (this is enforced in harbour and air fields). The Egyptian navy is only involved in controlling the UN arms embargo. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/binaries/rijksoverheid/documenten/kamerstukken/2018/05/14/kamerbrief-over-vergunning-voor-export-militair-materieel-naar-egypte/kamerbrief-over-vergunning-voor-export-militair-materieel-naar-egypte.pdf

Iraq / Al-'Iraq (see 6)

Israël / Isra'il (see also 13)

16 – 160518: "Assault rifles. Sniper rifles. Components for aircraft. Ammunition. That is just a small selection of the export licences granted by this government to British firms to sell to Israel last year," Caroline Lucas began. Caroline_Lucas_takes_UK_Government_to_task_over_arms_sales_to_Israel/

Mexico / México

17 – 170518: 70% of the weapons recovered from crime scenes in Mexico were purchased in the US, the international human rights organization Global Exchange stated, expressing opposition to a proposal by the Donald Trump government to facilitate the export of armament. http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2018/05/16/politica/019n4pol

18 – 150518: Heckler & Koch's trial over an illegal deal with Mexico is about to begin in Stuttgart. The Oberndorf company has flooded the world's conflict zones with guns, most famously the G3 and the G36 assault rifles. http://www.dw.com/en/how-a-german-gunmaker-became-one-of-the-worlds-deadliest/a-43776224

Pakistan / Pākistān (see 1)

Panama

19 – 140518: Damen Stan Lander 5612 vessel commissioned into Panama’s Servicio Nacional Aeronaval on 10 May. The Presidente Manuel Amador Guerrero (L-403), costed US$16m. It came to Panama from Vietnam, suggesting that it was manufactured in Damen’s Song Cam Shipyard. http://www.janes.com/article/80054/panama-commissions-new-stan-lander-5612

Qatar

20 – 160518: How the Netherlands is involved in arming #Qatar. Leonardo remains confident it can finalise a contract with Qatar for 28 NH Industries NH90s before year-end. #Leonardo Heli's is part of the NHI consortium, along with #Airbus Helicopters and #Fokker. https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/leonardo-still-working-to-finalise-qatar-nh90-order-448422/

Russia / Rossija

21 – 170518: Army leaders explain why Russia's tiny defense budget is a big threat, but forget to mention Russian armed forces are not able to fill its ranks just because of poor working standards and low payments. https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/defense-national-security/army-leaders-explain-why-russias-tiny-defense-budget-is-a-big-threat

Saudi Arabia / Al-Arabiyah as Sa'udiyah (see 1, 6)

South Africa

22 – 160518: Denel CEO Zwelakhe Ntshepe resigned from the state-owned arms manufacturer yesterday, just weeks after Gordhan ordered an investigation into how Ntshepe allegedly authorised a R1.1m guarantee for embattled North West Premier Supra Mahumapelo's son. https://www.iol.co.za/business-report/economy/denels-chief-resigns-as-gordhan-forges-ahead-with-restoring-credibility-14993868

Taiwan / Táiwān (see 1)
UAE / Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah (see 1)
Ukraine / Ukrajina (see 1)
Vietnam / Việt Nam (see 1, 19)
Yemen / Al-Yaman (see 15)

DEFENCE-INDUSTRY
Damen (see 19)
Fokker (see 20)
Thales (see 3)

WEAPENS
Drones

23 – 170518: Drone Wars UK new report 'Drone Wars: The Next Generation' shows the rise in the number of states deploying armed #drones - latest on Drone Wars UK: https://dronewars.net/2018/05/17/new-research-shows-rise-in-number-of-states-deploying-armed-drones/

24 – 170518: Google Employees Are Quitting in Protest of Pentagon Contract for Drones, Report Says https://www.christianpost.com/news/google-employees-are-quitting-in-protest-of-pentagon-contract-for-drones-report-says-224051/

Observation technology (IT) (see 9)
Small Arms (see 17-18)

OTHER

Corruption (see 22)
Defence budget (see 21)

Refugees

25 – 170518: Where would you mark EU's border? Would it include Bangladesh? The hidden story of how Europe is exporting militarised borders worldwide http://www.tni.org/expandingfortresseurope

Research and activism (see also 12, 24)

26 – 160518: The iron fist of government lurking behind the invisible hand is itself not so free market oriented. Use by the Department of Defense of Indefinite-Delivery Contracts from Fiscal Years 2015 through 2017. https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-18-412R

27 – 160518: #CRS report on #AI. Analysts hold a range of opinions on how influential AI will be in future combat operations. A large number of experts believe that AI will have at least an evolutionary if not revolutionary effect. https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/R45178.pdf

This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see http://twitter.com/martinbroek

maandag 21 mei 2018

Arms Export Denials (Dutch: weigeringen) 2010-2017

Arms Export Denials (Dutch: weigeringen) 2010-2017
(translation from Dutch after last report in English (2012), Martin Broek, not official)
Date refusal
Country of destination
Description
Receiver
End-user
Criteria reason for refusal
13th Consolidated Report: ML6: 2(1) 3(1)* Total 2 reported denial grounds. Dutch annual report mentions 10 denials.
Number of consultations initiated (1) received (7).
09/04/10
Thailand
Armoured vehicle parts
Chaiseri Metal & Rubber Co., Pathum Thani
Royal Thai Armed Forces
2 & 3
18/05/10
Ecuador from
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
Mortar ammunition and parts
Ecuadorian Army
Ecuadorian Army
2 & 3
20/05/10
Israel
Image intensifier tubes
Israel Police Airborne
Search & Rescue Unit
Israel Police Airborne Search & Rescue Unit
2, 3, 4, 6 & 7
20/05/10
Pakistan via
France
Image intensifier tubes
Photonis SAS, Brive
Pakistan Infantry, for Frontier
Corps
3, 4 & 6
01/06/10
Israel
Image intensifier tubes
Israel Prison Service
Israel Prison Service
2, 3, 4, 6 & 7
07/06/10
Israel
Image intensifier tubes
New Noga Light (2000) Ltd.
New Noga Light (2000) Ltd.
2, 3, 4, 6 & 7
12/07/10
Surinam
Smi-automatic pistols
NV Ditra Int, Paramaribo
Ditra clients, and licensed
shooting club members in
Surinam
7
02/09/10
Thailand
Armoured vehicle parts

Chaiseri Metal & Rubber Co., Pathum Thani
Royal Thai Armed Forces
2 & 3
13/10/10
Surinam
Repeating rifle
Mr. Holwijn, Paramaribo
Mr. Holwijn, Paramaribo
7
14/10/10
Israel
Materials for optical sensors (epitaxial wafers)
Optigo Systems Ltd. Lod
Unknown
2, 3, 4, 6 & 7
14th Consolidated Report: ML1 7(2) ; ML3 2(1); 3(1); 7(1); ML10 1(1)* Total 6 reported denial grounds. Dutch annual report mentions 16 denials. In answer to written questions it is said that denials of licenses and probes/sondages totalled 17. (Vaste commissie for Buitenlandse Handel and Ontwikkelingssamenwerking, List of questions and answers, February 18, 2013, 2012-2013, 22054, no. 210, question 67)
Number of consultations initiated (3) received (4)
03/01/11
Surinam
Hunting rifle
Private individual, Paramaribo
Private individual, Paramaribo
7
08/03/11
Libya
Military transport
helicopter equipment
Piaggo Aero Industries s.p.a., Rome, Italië
Libyan air force
1
07/07/11
Taiwan
Components of armoured vehicles
Industrial Technology
Research Institute, Chun-dong Township, Taiwan
Industrial Technology
Research Institute, Chundong Township, Taiwan
1 & 4
03/08/11
Honduras
from Israel
Automatic and assault rifles
MoD
MoD
2
25/08/11
Israel
Wind tunnel test data
BAE Systems, Jerusalem, Israel
BAE Systems, Jerusalem,
Israel
2, 3, 4, 6 & 7
25/08/11
Israel
Wind tunnel test data
Rafael – Advanced Defense
Systems, Haifa, Israël
Rafael – Advanced Defense
Systems, Haifa, Israël
2, 3, 4 & 6
29/09/11
Israel
Wind tunnel test data
Israel Military Industries Ltd
Israel Military Industries Ltd
2, 3, 4, & 6
03/10/11
Equatorial
Guinea
Radar and fire control systems
Omnisys, Sao Paolo,
Brasil
Navy of Equatorial
Guinea
8
04/10/11
Surinam
Pistol
Private person, Paramaribo
Private person, Paramaribo
7
04/11/11
Philippines
Percussions caps, diverse small calibre
Shooters,Guns & Ammo
Corp (S.G.A.C.) ;Quezon
City, Philippines
Shooters,Guns & Ammo
Corp (S.G.A.C.) ;Quezon
City, Philippines
2 & 7
17/11/11
Djibouti
via Sri Lanka
Hunting rifles and semi-automatic shotgun
Dolphin Services, Djibouti
Private security guards
71
17/11/11
Djibouti
via Sri Lanka
Small-calibre ammunition
Dolphin Services, Djibouti
Private security guards
71
17/11/11
Djibouti
via Sri Lanka
Hunting rifles and semi-automatic shotgun
Dolphin Services, Djibouti
Private security guards
71
17/11/11
Djibouti
via Sri Lanka
Small-calibre ammunition
Dolphin Services, Djibouti
Private security guards
71
27/12/11
Kenya
via Cyprus
Semi-automatic rifles
QPO-MSC, Mombasa
Private security guards
71
27-12-11
Kenia
via Cyprus
Small-calibre ammunition
QPO-MSC, Mombasa
Particuliere beveiligers
71
15th Consolidated Report: ML1 2(1); 3(1); 7(1); ML2 3(1); 4(1); ML3 2(1); 3(1); ML6 3(1); 5(1); ML7 1(1); ML10 1(1); 2(1); 3(1);
5(1); ML14 2(1); 3(1); 4(1); ML15 2(1);* Total 19 reported denial grounds (Difference between Total (19) and ML-columns (18, 1 crit. 5 missing.) Dutch annual report mentions 12 denials.
Number of consultations initiated (1) received (5) (Note: Dutch annual report was not adapted to 2012 but gave information on 2011.)
27/01/12
Israel
6 H&K pistols plus 41
megazines
Meir Roth Ltd, Sapir, Israël
Meir Roth Ltd, Sapir, Israël
2, 3, 6 & 7
06/02/12
Israel
Thermal Imaging Camera, type E40
ASIO Vision Ltd,Tel
Aviv Israël
Elta Systems Ltd,Ashod, Israel
2
28/03/12
KSA
Sights for 90mm artillery
CMI Defence SA, Seraing
Saudi armed forces
7
10/05/12
Thailand
(transit)
Cartidges, cal 5.56x45mm 7.62x51mm
Ministry of Interior, Royal Thai Army & Navy
Ministry of Interior, Royal Thai Army & Navy
2 & 3
06/07/12
Cuba
(transit)
Parts of tanks
State Enterprise Technoimport
MoD, Cuba
3 & 5
06/07/12
Cuba
(transit)
Fighter aircraft engine
State Enterprise
Technoimport
MoD, Cuba
3 & 5
06/07/12
Cuba
(transit)
Missile engines

State Enterprise
Technoimport
MoD, Cuba
3 & 5
28/09/12
Myanmar
(transit)
Components of MI-17
helicopters
MoD, Myanmar
MoD, Myanmar
1, 2 & 3
15/10/12
Vietnam
Night vision gogle
Dong Ginag Vietnam R&D J.S.C., Hanoi, Vietnam
Ministry of Public Security, Vietnam
2
31/10/12
Russia
Image intensifier tubes
Jupiter Plan Novgorod Region, Valday Rusland
Police and public security, Russia
2 & 3
13/11/12
Lebanon
Gasmasks and filter canisters
Prince Orient Establishment,
Beirut, Lebanon.
Prince Orient Establishment, Beirut, Lebanon.
1
14/11/12
Israel
Parts of howitzer traning simulator
Bagira Systems Ltd, Holon, Israel
MoD Israel
2, 3, 4 & 6
16th Consolidated Report: ML3 2(2); 3(2); ML11 2(1); 3(1); 6(1)* Total 7 reported denial grounds. Dutch annual report mentions 3 denials.
Number of consultations initiated (3) received (4)
05/02/13
Egypt
Communication systems
Army Egypt
Army Egypt
2, 3
18/02/13
KSA
Ammunition of mixed calibres
Military Industries
Cooperation, MIC
MoD
2, 3
16/04/13
KSA
Cartridges cal. 9mm Luger
Military Industries
Cooperation, MIC
MoD
2, 3
17th Consolidated Report: ML1 7(1); ML5 4(1); ML10 1(1)* Total 3 reported denial grounds. Dutch annual report mentions 4 denials. Russia misses.
Number of consultations initiated (4) received (6)
28/03/14
India
Optical components for Laser Range Finders
Bharat Electronics Ltd., Pune
Border Security Forces (BSF)
4
16/06/14
Russia
thermal imaging camera
NPO Gorizont LLC,
Rostov-on-Don
Border Service (FSB)
2, 3, 7
02/10/14
Taiwan
Part of F-61 landing system
Aero Precision, US
Air Force Taiwan
1
03/10/14
Bangladesh
Small caliber fire arms
Moin Fire Arms Co., Dhaka
Unknown
7
18th Consolidated Report: number of consultations initiated (5) received (3)
12-02-15
India
Lithium batteries (for artillery production)
Machine Tool Prototype Factory (MPF)
Army and Special Forces
4
14-08-15
Venezuela (transit)
Ammunition parts (caps for 9mm bullets)
Compania Anonima Venezolana de Industrias Militares (CAVIM)
Unknown
2, 3, 7
01-09-15
Thailand
Parts for a M109 howitser crewtrainer and simulator
Signal Department c/o: CT Link att. Totsaporn
Army
4
03-09-15
UAE
Cartridge links for 30mm ammunition
ARCUS Company (Bulgarije) and SIPR Defense– Eurolinks (France)
Army
4
03-09-15
UAE
Aircraft tires for F-16 fighter aircraft
AMMROC,Abu Dhabi
Air Force
2
04-09-15
KSA
Aircraft tires for F-15 fighter aircraft
Al Raha Group for Technical Services, Riyadh
Air Force
2
11-09-15
South Africa
Image intensifier tubes for binoculars with targeting system
ECM Technologies (Pty) Ltd. and Airbus DS Optronics (Pty) Ltd.
Unknown
7
15-09-15
KSA
Aircraft tiresfor F-15 fighter aircraft
Al Raha Group for Technical Services, Riyadh
Air Force
2
18-09-15
Ukraine
Image intensifier tubes for night vision gogggles (for periscopes in armoured vehicles)
UA.RP LLC
MoD and Ministry of Internal Affairs
3,4
27-10-15
UAE
Aircraft tires for F-16 fighter aircraft
AMMROC,Abu Dhabi
Air Force
2
15-12-15
Qatar
Parts for PzH-2000 pantserhowitsers
Kraus-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & co KG (Germany)
Qatar Armed Forces
2
15-12-15
Qatar
Cooling equipment for PzH2000 houwitsers
Kraus-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & co KG (Germany)
Qatar Armed Forces
2
29-12-15
KSA (transit)
Parts of missiles (for Cougar helicopters) (UK)
Chemring Countermeasures Ltd.
Air Force
2
30-12-15
UAE (transit)
Batteries for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV’s)
Progressive Technologies LLC
Presidential Garde
2
19thConsolidated Report: number of consultations initiated (19) received (3).
19-01-16
Surinam (transit)
Fire arms and components


Surinam Shooting & Supplies N.V.
Surinam Shooting & Supplies N.V.
7
12-04-16
Suriname (transit)
Fire arms (smooth bore)
Tomahawk Outdoor Sports N.V.
Tomahawk Outdoor Sports N.V.
7
09-02-16
Egypt
Armour plates (for demonstration / test purposes.
Engineering for Industries Co
Army
2, 3, 7
26-02-16
Servia
Telescopic sights (for hunting)
REFOT B.
Private persons which will use the equipment for recreative purposes like hunting and sports.
7
04-03-16
KSA by France
Parts for sonarcabels
Thales Underwater Systems SAS
Navy
4
11-03-16
Egypt
Hydaulics (?, MB) for vluchtsimulator
Science & Technology Center of Excellency
Air Force
2
01-05-16
Pakistan by US
Parts fighter aircraft
Intertrade LTD
Air Force
2
20-04-16
KSA (temporarily export)
Portable search radar
Saudi Capabilities Company
Army
2
10-05-16
Thailand (extension)
Parts of military simulation of houwitsers
Signal Department c/o: CT Link att. Totsaporn
Army
2, 3, 4
24-05-16
Egypt
Components Bridge Layers
Comercial Hernando Moreno S L U
Army
2,7
03-06-16
Turkey
Subsonical cartridges, caliber 5,56mm
I.M.S. Insaat Makina Sevunma San. ve Tic. Ltd. Sti.
Turkse Special Forces
3
07-06-16
Turkey
Silencer incl. tools
I.M.S. Insaat Makina Sevunma San. ve Tic. Ltd. Sti.
Turkey Special Forces
3
16-06-16
UAE
Cartridges kal. 9mm
Al Tuff International LLC
Strijdkrachten
2,7
16-06-16
UAE
Parts F-16 fighter aircraft
Airborne Systems FZE.
Air Force
2
22-06-16
Turkey
Cable trees for attack helicopters
Aselsan Electronic Industries Inc.
Air Force
3
22-06-16
Turkey
Cable trees for attack helicopters
Aselsan Electronic Industries Inc.
Air Force
3
18-07-16
UAE by Zwitserland
Parts of military simulationfor tanks- and armoured vehicles
Ruag Schweiz AG
Army
2
21-07-16
UAE
Composit rotorblades for uav's
Abu Dhabi Autonomous Systems Investments Co LLC
Armed Forces
2
22-08-16
Qatar
Parts of communication systemen
Qatar Armed Forces
Army
2
21-09-16
Azerbeidzjan
Tear gas grenades and lichtgranaten
Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Azerbaijan Republic
Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Azerbaijan Republic
2,4
27-09-16
UAE
Countermeasure torches
Gulf Aerospace Company
Air Force
2
28-09-16
Pakistan
Parts of engines of F-16 fighter aircraft
Aero Precision Industries LLC
Air Force
2,3
03-10-16
KSA by Norway
Portable search radar incl.
accessories
Thales Electronic Systems GmbH
Army
2
11-10-16
KSA
Parts of fighter aircraft and connectors for communication system
Advanced Electronics Company
Air Force
2
24-10-16
UAE
Parts for communication equipment
United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
Armed Forces
2
24-10-16
UAE
Parts for communication equipment
United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
Armed Forces
2
01-11-16
UAE
transit of components for NIMRarmoured vehicles
NIMR Automotive LLC
Armed Forces
2
01-11-16
Ukraine
Shock absorbers
LLC Ukrainian Armor Ukrainian
National Guard
3,4
16-12-16
India
acoustic
sensor
Counter Measures Technologies (P) Ltd
National Security Guard
3,4

29-01-17
Saudi Arabia
Data storage equipment
Logicom Saudi Arabia LLC
Strategic Missile Forces, Ministry of Defence
2
16-03-17
Bahrain
F-16-components (retour after repair)
AirBorne Systems FZE, VAE
Bahrain Defence Force
2
02-03-17
Pakistan
F-16-components (retour after repair)
AirBorne Systems FZE, VAE
Pakistan Air Force
2,3
11-04-17
Turkey
Parts for laser guided missiles
Roketsan Missiles Industries Inc
Turkish Land Forces Command
3
11-04-17
Turkey
Parts for laser guided missiles
Roketsan Missiles Industries Inc
Turkish Land Forces Command
3
24-03-17
China via Taiwan
Miniature gas turbine
Bentech Computer Corporation, New Taipei City, Taiwan
Chinese Navy
4
18-07-17
Vietnam
Interception equipment for telecommunication
High Technology Consultancy Joint Stock Company
Ministry of Defence, Vietnam
2,7
20-07-17
Pakistan
Power equipment for sonar systems
Thales Underwater Systems France
Pakistan Navy
5
28-06-17
Turkey
Waveguides voor F-16 fighter aircraft
Nato Support and Procurement Agency, Warehouse Division
Turkey Air Force
3
07-08-17
Saudi Arabia
Lathe
Military Industries Corporation Saudi Arabia
Armed Forces
2
16-08-17
UAE via VS
Parts for F-16 fighter aircraft
AAR Aircraft Component Services, New York
UAE Air Force
2
13-09-17
Ukraine
Magazines caliber .308 Winchester
Arms producer Zbroyar LLC
Unknown
7
21-09-17
UAE via Germany
Parts for M109 howitzers
DSL Defence Service Logistics GMBH GHQ
Armed Forces UAE
2
06-11-17
Taiwan
Part for a F-16-engine
AAR Aircraft Component Services, New York
Taiwan Air Force
1
12-12-17
UAE via Germany
Parts for M109 houwitsers
DSL Defence Service Logistics GMBH GHQ
Armed Forces UAE
2
1) According to Annual Report Arms Export Policy 2011 this concerns arms for private security on civil shipping with the risk of diversion and the Dutch government stated: “it is equally relevant that the Dutch Government is not in favour of the presence of armed guards on board seagoing vessels.”
* criteria numbers on which refusals are based (the approximate number of times each criterion is invoked is indicated in brackets)

Sources: EU Consolidated Reports 2010-2014 (see ) and reports Wapenexportbeleid 2010-2014 (see: http://www.eeas.europa.eu/non-proliferation-and-disarmament/arms-export-control/index_en.htm) Netherlands Annual Reports on Ams Export Policy for easy overview in Dutch and English before 2012. English reports are published with some backlog. ): http://www.sipri.org/research/armaments/transfers/transparency/national_reports/netherlandshttps://www.sipri.org/databases/national-reports/Netherlands).